”Learn to bear them patiently, as if they were mere echoes..”
In Buddhist psychology different types of mental affliction are categorised. These are the so-called mental poisons. In addition there are the eight worldly concerns, or those things that normally drive us.
The five poisons are
Ignorance, attachment, aversion, pride, jealousy.
Also could be known as desire, anger, envy, delusion and pride.
In different systems of Buddhism there are different numbers of poisons, but they all hover in or around the same ideas.
The eight worldly concerns or preoccupations are
Hope for happiness and fear of suffering.
Hope for fame and fear of insignificance.
Hope for praise and fear of blame.
Hope for gain and fear of loss.
Easier worded as ATTACHMENT to pleasure, gain, praise and fame, and AVERSION to loss, pain, blame and bad reputation.
Chatral Rinpoche gave advice as to how we might deal with these mental afflictions or disturbing emotions….
So rely constantly on mindfulness, vigilance and conscientiousness.
No matter where you stay—be it a busy place or a solitary retreat—
The only things that you need to conquer are mind’s five poisons
And your own true enemies, the eight worldly concerns, nothing else,
Whether it is by avoiding, transforming, taking them as the path or looking into their very essence,
Whichever method is best suited to your own capacity.
There’s no better sign of accomplishment than a disciplined mind,
This is true victory for the real warrior who carries no weapons.
The root of all affliction is a mind that clings to the idea of ”I”.